The discrimination of gender (or sex) is when a person is subjected to different or unequal (“discrimination”) in different situations, depending on their sex.
Where and when can occur the gender discrimination?
Gender discrimination can occur in many different contexts, but, in general, occurs more frequently in the following situations:
Employment: Allegations that a potential employer asked discriminatory on the basis of sex in the interview process; allegations that anemployer not engaged, not ascended or unlawfully fired an employee based on their sex; allegations of payment uneven; and allegations of sexual harassment of an employee.
Education: Allegations that excluded a person from a program or educational opportunity based on their sex; and allegations of sexual harassment of students.
Housing: Accusations of no negotiation with a person who was looking for a home, accusations of imposition of the different terms of lease/agreement; and allegations that are not granted a loan depending on the sex of the applicant/tenant/buyer.
Loans/Credit: Allegations of denial of credit; allegations of imposition of terms inequity of loans; and accusations of inadequate consultation during the process of approval of credit/loan according to the sex of the plaintiff.
Laws that prohibit discrimination of gender
Most laws guaranteeing and regulating civil rights (including those related to gender discrimination) originate at the federal level, through federal legislation (such as the Equal Pay Act). Civil rights have also been defined and interpreted through the decisions of federal courts (such as those taken by the Supreme Court of the united States). States also enacted their own civil rights laws (in general, similar to those of the federal level), and even municipalities like cities and counties can enact ordinances and laws related to civil rights and gender discrimination.
If you want, we have more information on this topic in English:
- Federal laws that prohibit discrimination of gender (sex)
- Cases of gender discrimination (sex) in the Supreme Court of the united States
Discrimination of Gender (or Sex): How to Get the Help of an Attorney
If you believe you have been the victim of a violation of civil rights based on their sex, the first step is to talk with a lawyer who specializes in civil rights. Important decisions related to your case can be complicated: you must know what laws apply in your situation, who may be at fault for the damages you suffered, and how to prove that those responsible acted with intent to discriminate based on their sex. A civil rights attorney will evaluate all aspects of your case and explain the options you have at your disposal to ensure the best possible outcome.
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