The United States was founded on the idea that all people can come to a new land and have the freedom to live, work, and find the happiness in the way they wish. Therefore, the authors of the Constitution created the Bill of Rights, which, along with the amendments that followed, we granted civil liberties that are the basis of our civil rights legislation as it exists today.
Equal Protection and Discrimination: History
Civil rights law is a widely varied practice area. Perhaps the greatest part implies the right to enjoy equal protection under the law, which follows the fourteenth amendment. Many lawyers exercise this aspect of the civil rights legislation. The fourteenth amendment was enacted after the Civil War. The country was full of newly freed slaves who were looking for work, to have their own property and build a new life. However, many people refused to negotiate with exesclavos, and the local police often did not protect the African Americans just because of their race. For this reason, Congress passed the fourteenth amendment in 1868, and although it was only partially successful in its time, it has since grown to protect people of all races, nationalities and gender discrimination at the hands of government authorities. Since then, the federal government and many state governments have enacted more laws to prevent many forms of discrimination by private establishments. This is why employers may not be able to make decisions on hiring or firing depending on protected categories, such as race, religion, nationality or sex, and the restaurants can no longer refuse to take care of people purely for their race. This section contains a lot of information about the background of the clause of equal protection and anti-discrimination laws.
Other civil liberties
There are many other civil liberties that derive from our Bill of Rights. Some of the best known are:
The fourth amendment limits the ability of the police to search your person or your private property. The police must have a warrant or probable cause to believe that you committed a crime prior to reviewing or arrest.
With the right of the fifth amendment to remain silent and the rights of the sixth amendment to have a lawyer and a trial expeditious, the Declaration of Rights protects the rights of criminal suspects against the governmental action disproportionate.
The first amendment gives individuals the right to freedom of the press, freedom of expression, freedom of assembly and association, to request compensation from the government, to practice any religion and not suffer religious indoctrination.
The right to vote belongs to all us citizens and is guaranteed by the Constitution. The Voting Rights Act has rules on how States may carry out elections to ensure that everyone gets a chance to vote. One of the strengths of our civil liberties is that they belong to all Americans, even those who have committed some crime. The inmates still preserve the basic constitutional rights to privacy, freedom of expression, religion, and due process. However, certain rights and freedoms may be limited while a person serving a prison sentence. In fact, even after her, who are on probation or who have committed serious crimes may have restricted their right to vote and other freedoms.
The due process and the violations of the exercise of civil rights
However, the unsung hero of the constitutional amendments is the right to due process, which is present in the fifth and fourteenth amendment. The right to due process means that the government cannot remove the rights to life, liberty or property without a hearing. By virtue of the right to due process, the Congress and state legislatures have created processes of demand in various government agencies designed to help you to exercise their civil rights.